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Preschool years probably cover the period of our lives when we deal with painting the most. When we observe children of this age, it is very difficult to find a child who does not deal with painting! So why is this the case? The answer is quite simple, because children at this age do not have the vocabulary and writing skills necessary to express themselves, so they prefer to paint to express themselves.
In the 2-6 years period, the development of children's painting skills is explained by experts as follows:
From the age of two, children begin to show an active desire for behavior. As a result of the motor movements and the movement of the muscles, the child starts to draw shapes with a pencil that he can find on every object that comes into his hands. Since these shapes, in which the child forms a beautiful arrival, bear the character of a smear, this circuit is called a “smear circuit”. This circuit also has four different features in order of development:
-Fractured, short lines
Wide and rhythmic lines formed as a result of wide arm movements
- Mixed round lines formed by wavy movements
Doodles starting to break apart
This smearing circuit is a circuit that needs to be emphasized. In this period, give him opportunities to scribble and help him in his drawings.
2nd Simulation Circuit:
In general, after the age of three, the child begins to recognize his environment with the development of language and motor movements and obtain some symbols of objects and objects around him. In these doodles, the symbols begin to be recognized and named by children. However, these symbols are not apparent. A cluster line is sometimes a flower, sometimes a human. sometimes it can be named as a tree. For him, this circuit is called dev analogy circuit ”.
At later ages, certain lines, a certain object and object, become the symbol of the person. When we ask him to paint a tree, the child always repeats the same form.
At this stage, talk to your children about their pictures frequently and try to understand their drawings.
3. Imagination Period:
Children, after the age of three and a half-four, they draw the symbols of the closest and interesting to them around them begin to draw pictures. The closest being to them is their mother. ; The first human symbol is a round head and feet in the form of lines. The second round describes the body. Moving organs such as the eyes and mouth are important elements of the picture.
These symbols are created and developed as a result of the child's relationship with the surrounding environment. Every new symbol that is desired and gained is adopted as a child's invention. The dreams of the children of this age are quite wide.
The reason why this age child is fond of fairy tales is related to the vast imagination. Improve his imagination with various activities during this period.
4. Schematic Cycle:
According to the results of the information obtained by children aged 6 to 6 years, the symbols begin to diversify, multiply, develop and become widespread. They come out of the line system and pass to the expression on the surface. They paint and fill the pictures and shapes they draw.
What can you do?
? In order to better understand them, try to create environments for your children to paint as much as possible and understand what they mean in their pictures.
? Provide your child with a variety of picture materials and make sure that the items you provide are suitable for your child's well-being.
• Create portfolios to store your child's activities, if you can't, take a picture of these activities.
Ey Don't forget to talk about your painting with your children so that you understand what he wants to express with this painting and support his language and emotional development with the help of speech.
Accompany your child while painting. Such an activity will help your child experience a lot of new things and will allow you to spend more time together.
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